May 23, 2023

A Study On Self-Custody with Distributed Multi-Sig

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This article aims to delve deeper into the benefits of distributed multisig, as outlined by, and shed light on why it may be a robust solution for individuals and organizations seeking secure self-custody. We credit for initiating this idea in their tweet.

Preventing Single Points of Failure

One of the primary advantages of distributed multisig is its ability to prevent single points of failure (SPoFs). Traditionally, self-custody involves relying on a single key or individual for control and ownership of assets. However, this approach comes with inherent risks. Mistakes happen, and the mental capacity of the owner may decline over time. In such scenarios, the assets can be compromised or lost entirely.

Distributed multisig addresses this concern by dividing ownership and control among multiple parties or devices. Each party holds a unique key, and a predetermined number of signatures are required to authorize transactions. This means that even if one of the signers makes a mistake or experiences declining mental capacity, the collective control of the assets can still be maintained by the remaining signers. By eliminating the reliance on a single point of failure, distributed multisig offers enhanced security and longevity.

Robust Censorship Resistance

Another notable advantage of distributed multisig is its strong censorship resistance. In centralized systems, a single authority can exert control over transactions, censoring or manipulating them according to their own interests. However, distributed multisig setups make it significantly more challenging for any single entity or authority to censor or control transactions.

Since multiple signers are involved in the authorization process, consensus among them is required to execute transactions. This decentralized decision-making mechanism ensures that no single signer can unilaterally alter or block transactions. As a result, distributed multisig adds a layer of security against censorship attempts, protecting the owner's assets from external interference.


Distributed multisig emerges as a compelling option for safe self-custody, offering a range of benefits for individuals and organizations seeking secure and resilient solutions. Additionally, it provides robust censorship resistance by distributing control among multiple parties or devices.

By exploring the possibilities of distributed multisig, individuals and organizations can enhance their self-custody practices and establish a strong foundation for the long-term security of their assets. As the landscape of self-custody continues to evolve, concepts like distributed multisig offer valuable insights and pathways toward a safer and more reliable future.